Molecular dating and biogeography of fig pollinating wasps Free filipina cybersex chatroom online
The results point to ancestral dioecy in Moraceae and multiple origins of monoecy, androdioecy, and gynodioecy.Ancestral wind pollination gave way to insect pollination at least twice.The Urticalean rosids differ from most other rosids in the presence of solitary ovules, lactifers, cystoliths, paired inflorescences in leaf axils, and unisexual flowers.We sequenced the chloroplast gene to examine relationships in Moraceae and to elucidate shifts in reproductive traits.
), marked by a specialized inflorescence (syconium) and an obligate mutualism with pollinating fig wasps.
Because of the unique morphology of the syconium, it has been difficult to investigate the evolutionary position of the fig.
Investigating the fig origin requires a detailed phylogenetic hypothesis that has been lacking for the family until now.
Molecular studies have demonstrated that Moraceae are part of the Rosidae and are closely allied to the Urticalean rosids, including Cannabaceae, Celtidaceae, Urticaceae, Cecropiaceae, and Ulmaceae (Zavada and Kim, 1996).
Strong support for the sister-group relationship of a revised Castilleae with ), known for their unique inflorescence and obligate pollination mutualism with fig wasps (Agaonidae).